Intel Fixes Dangerous Plundervolt Vulnerability

Intel has quickly released a fix for the new and already infamous
Plundervolt vulnerability found in Intel 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th
generation processors, alongside Xeon Processor E3 v5 and v6, and Xeon
Processor E-2100 and E-2200.

Security researchers identified a vulnerability in Intel
Software Guard Extensions (Intel SGX), which is a piece of architecture
embedded in several Intel processors that allows users (including the OS) to store
essential code in protected enclaves, akin to a vault. Attackers obtained the
cryptography key for the encrypted SGX data by lowering the voltage,
compromising any system.

“A potential security vulnerability in some Intel
Processors may allow escalation of privilege and/or information disclosure.
Intel has released firmware updates to system manufacturers to mitigate this
potential vulnerability,” states
Intel’s advisory. “Improper conditions check in voltage settings for some
Intel(R) Processors may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable
escalation of privilege and/or information disclosure via local access.”

According to a DarkReading report,
attackers undervolted the SGX systems, which allowed them to recover the AES
encryption key. The patch issued by Intel disallows this for SGX, and the
company promised to give users with an SGX TCB key recovery solution, which
should arrive in Q1 2020.

Several universities were involved in the research,
including the University of Birmingham, Technische Universität Darmstadt,
University of Maryland, University of Maryland, and Tsinghua University.

The patch can only be integrated at the Bios level, which
means that users will have to install Bios updates as they become available
from manufacturers. Unfortunately, since Bios updates are never installed
automatically, many people will remain vulnerable to this exploit until they
upgrade to a new motherboard.

Each new motherboard in production right now will ship
with the patch already installed, so customers should check if there is a
different revision for their hardware.

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